Private equity firm Global Emerging Markets Group said it plans to invest $450m in lithium startup EnergyX, which is trying to revive its business prospects in Bolivia as it prepares to go public by 2024.
EnergyX is one of several companies developing its own version of a direct lithium extraction (DLE) technology, aiming to produce the metal less expensively and with a smaller environmental footprint than traditional open-pit mines and evaporation ponds.
None of these technologies, including EnergyX’s, have worked at commercial scale. Still, automakers and investors believe one or more DLE technologies could ultimately boost global lithium production. Ford Motor Co inked two DLE-focused supply deals on Thursday.
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“A tech-heavy ESG company mining in the emerging markets is a rare find,” Global Emerging Markets Group’s (GEM) Jonathan Collins said of EnergyX.
EnergyX will have 36 months after it launches an initial public offering to draw from the $450m that GEM has committed. GEM will receive shares reflecting the value of EnergyX’s stock at the time of each drawdown. GEM will also receive warrants in EnergyX at an undisclosed strike price.
Teague Egan, EnergyX’s chief executive, said the funding will give the company a “war chest” to develop lithium projects in emerging economies.
GEM deployed a similar investing strategy with Surf Air Mobility Group in 2020, though the electric jet company has yet to go public. It also invests in pawn shop operator Pawn Plus Inc and other companies.
EnergyX, which previously raised $15.5m via a private funding round and crowdfunding, said on Thursday it separately plans to raise up to $75m in a private offering to retail investors.
Bolivian officials disqualified EnergyX this year from a DLE technology selection process after EnergyX submitted production data 10 minutes after the deadline. Egan took responsibility for the delay.
Earlier this year, the company had sent a shipping container filled with its DLE pilot equipment from Texas to Bolivia via the Panama Canal.
That meant EnergyX was the only DLE company to have tested its technology on the lithium-rich brines in Bolvia’s remote Salar de Uyuni. Egan believes this could help his case as he tries to convince the government to change its mind.
GEM declined to comment on EnergyX’s Bolivia bid. The South American country, which has the world’s largest lithium reserves, is expected to make a final DLE decision by December.
“I absolutely think we still have a chance in Bolivia,” said Egan. “If they have a change of heart and want to come back to use EnergyX as a service provider or have any type of business structure, we’re open to that.”
Bolivian vice minister of high energy technologies Alvaro Arnez, who oversees the country’s lithium development, did not respond to a request for comment.
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